The antecedent is the word the pronoun refers to or replaces. To proofread for subjectverb agreement, circle the subject and verb in each sentence and be sure they agree. Every pronoun must agree with its antecedent the noun to which the pronoun refers or which it replaces. A pronoun usually refers to something earlier in the text its antecedent and must agree in number singularplural with the thing to which it refers. If you do use a singular noun and the context makes the gender clear, then it is permissible to use just his or her rather than his or her. When you check your own sentences to determine if the pronouns agree with their antecedents in both number and person, look first for what the. Pronounantecedent agreement a pronoun replaces a noun. Pronoun agreement can be trickier than it might seem on the surface. When a pronoun and noun antecedent do not match, the. An antecedent is the word the pronoun refers to or replaces. A concert pianist must practice several hours a day. Some find the construction his or her wordy, so if it is possible to use a plural noun as your antecedent and thus use they as your pronoun, it may be wise to do so. Gender is the quality that distinguishes the entities as masculine or feminine. Pronounantecedent agreement i could tell jack was mad.
Pronounantecedent agreement a pronoun is usually used as a substitute for a previously stated noun called the antecedent. You successfully and clearly substituted the word pronouns with the pronoun they. Pronouns should agree in number, person and gender with their antecedents. Pronounantecedent agreement a pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number, gender, and person. Pronounantecedent agreement becomes complicated when you are dealing with generic nouns, compound antecedents, indefinite pronouns, and collective. A pronoun it they youheshewe should have only one possible antecedent the noun that comes before the pronoun the noun the pronoun refers to. The chart below contains the most commonly used pronouns that people make pronounantecedent mistakes with. A pronoun and its antecedent should agree in number i. For example, when we write a sentence about a girl named sophia. The teacher will teach the class as a whole group explaining that an antecedent is the noun or pronoun for which another pronoun stands and to which it refers.
Automatically, we replace the noun lincolns with a pronoun. I could tell jack was mad because he punched a hole in my front door. A pronoun agrees with its antecedent when they match in both number and gender. More naturally, we say the pronoun his refers back to president lincoln. If the antecedent is singular, the pronoun should be singular. To recognize indefinite and ambiguous pronoun references. The antecedent in this sentence is isabella, because the pronoun her refers to isabella. Sarah went to see the texas chainsaw massacre because she loves horror movies. Pronounantecedent agreement is when pronouns agree with the antecedent in terms of. If the subject of the sentence is a pronoun, that pronoun needs to agree in number with the verb in the sentence above, the pronoun neither is always singular, and it should take the singular form of the verb. If the antecedent the word the pronoun refers back to is singular, use a singular pronoun. Singular pronouns are used with singular antecedents, and plural pronouns are used with plural antecedents.
Locate five sentences that demonstrate correct or incorrect pronoun agreement, and write the sentences below. With the significance of communication in everyday life, it is important for you to know how you can clearly communicate your thoughts and ideas to the people you deal with. To use pronouns that agree in number, in gender, and in person with their antecedents. Pronoun antecedent agreement what is pronoun antecedent agreement. One common problem caused by incorrect pronoun use is improper pronoun agreement also called pronounantecedent agreement. When you have completed the exercise, click on check my answers and check your answers with those on the answer key. Decide whether there is a pronoun antecedent agreement problem, and correct it if necessary. Antecedents joined by and usually require plural pronouns. In the table below, note the pronoun case subjective. Pronounantecedent agreement pronounantecedent agreement means that pronouns must match their antecedents, or the nouns or pronouns to which they refer, in person, gender, and number.
In such cases, as with pronoun noun agreement, the two pronouns must agree with each other in both number and gender. In order to replace someone, we need a singular pronoun, he or she. Pronoun antecedent agreement a pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number, gender, and person. Pronounantecedent agreement means that pronouns must match their antecedents, or the nouns or pronouns to which they refer, in person, gender, and. Pronoun antecedent agreement exercise 2 directions. Pronoun agreement niu effective writing practices tutorial. Decide whether the group noun antecedent in each sentence means a single unit singular or a group of individuals plural. If the pronoun doesnt agree with its antecedent, the sentence. The noun is referred to as the antecedent of the pronoun and the pronoun must agree with the noun that the pronoun replaces. A pronoun cannot usually represent an entire thought or group of words. Reciprocal pronouns are pronouns that are used to refer to a mutual set of people each other, each others, one another, one anothers. Choose a singular or plural referent pronoun to agree with the antecedent.
With antecedents joined by or or nor, the pronoun agrees with the closer of the two antecedents. Pronoun antecedent agreement exercise 1 directions. Fordham university writing centers pronounantecedent agreement the pronouns he, she, it, and they are words that replace nouns. A pronoun and its antecedent are in agreement if they are both singular or both plural.
Neither the horse nor the cows must move from their stalls. A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in person, number, and gender. Traps to watch for pronounantecedent agreement becomes complicated when you are dealing with generic nouns, compound antecedents, indefinite pronouns, and collective nouns. Pronounantecedent agreement the roadrunners guide to.
Pronounantecedent agreement the university of texas at dallas. Pronounantecedent agreement revised2 fordham university. A pronoun is a word used to stand for or take the place of a noun. This means that any and all pronouns used in a sentence must match the subject or object they are replacing. A pronoun is a word that refers to or replaces a noun. In this article, the pronounantecedent relationship with words will be thoroughly discussed in order for you to understand how it works and how you can perfectly and effectively use it in your sentences. A word can refer to an earlier noun or pronoun in the sentence. Pronounantecedent agreement lewispalmer high school. The teacher will introduce the lesson plan on pronounantecedent agreement by showing examples on the over head projector. If a word referred to is singular, the pronoun should be singular. A collective noun is singular if the group acts as one unit, plural if the members of the group act as individuals. When it comes to pronouns, antecedents are the noun or other nominative form that is being replaced. Subjectverb agreement and pronounantecedent agreement.
Join us as we demonstrate how to make sure that your pronouns and antecedents match up with one another. Agreement a pronoun must agree with its antecedent in three ways. When you use a pronoun, its standing in for a word you used previouslythats the antecedent. Generally, if the subject is singular, the verb should be singular, and if a pronoun refers back to that singular subject, it should be singular in form, too. Now proceed to the next sentence and continue in the same manner until you. If the pronoun doesnt agree with its antecedent, the sentence may be unclear or even confusing to the reader. Those boxes have unbroken lids, but these need to have its lids. Othe antecedent of a pronoun is the word that the pronoun refers to. It is also important to be clear when using pronouns. Choose the correct pronoun in each sentence by clicking on the red button next to your choice. When we refer to agreement, we are referring to number, person, and gender. An antecedent is the noun being referred to by the pronoun.
The student wanted to go to your dorm room after class. If you do use a singular noun and the context makes the gender clear, then it is permissible. An antecedent is the noun or pronoun that a pronoun refers to or replaces. A pronoun must agree with its antecedent in number, gender, and person. Agreement in number if the antecedent is singular, use a singular pronoun. If one were to write, for instance, a student must see his counselor before the end of the semester, when there are female students about, nothing but grief will follow. Any child who wants to go on the field trip must bring in a permission slip signed by their parents. Pronoun and antecedent agreement pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. Our mission is to provide a free, worldclass education to anyone, anywhere. Please read each sentence carefully and write the correct pronoun on the space provided. We use the word antecedent to describe the noun that the pronoun represents and substitutes for. Either the cows or the horse must move from its stall. In some sentences, however, it is easy to make a pronounantecedent error. If you accidentally click on the wrong button, simply click on the button you meant to select.
Pronounantecedent agreement a pronoun takes the place of a noun. Make sure the antecedent and its pronoun are in the same sentence. Pronounantecedent agreement what is pronounantecedent agreement. Two singular objects connected by and are considered plural. In the two example sentences above, there are no pronounantecedent errors. Also like subjectverb agreement, there are a few situations that can make. Number is the quality that distinguishes between singular one entity and plural numerous entities. Many people find the construction his or her wordy, so if it is possible to use a plural noun as your antecedent and thus use they as your pronoun, it may be wise to do so. Much like subjectverb agreement, pronounantecedent agreement requires singular pronouns to align with singular antecedents and plural pronouns to match plural antecedents. The antecedent of a pronoun is the word to which the pronoun refers. In other words, if the subject is singular, any pronoun used in its place later in the sentence must also be. One can pluralize, in this situation, to avoid the problem. Pronoun antecedent agreement exercise 1 towson university.
A pronoun like i, it, you, him, her, this, themselves, someone, who, which is used to replace another wordits antecedentso that the antecedent does not have to be repeated. Decide whether there is a pronounantecedent agreement problem, and correct it if necessary. Most problems with pronounantecedent agreement involve number. Possessive pronouns like his, her, its, and their not only replace nouns, but also signal possession. To use revision skills to correct errors in pronounantecedent agreement and to remove indefinite and ambiguous pronoun references. In a sentence, the antecedent comes before the pronoun and must match in person, number, and gender. The need for pronounantecedent agreement can create gender problems.
When you are finished, hit the check my work button at the bottom of the page to check your answers. A common error writers make is pronounantecedent disagreement. Usage pronounantecedent agreement towson university. The pronoun and its antecedent agree in gender and number.
The noun or noun substitute that a pronoun refers to is called its antecedent. This is incorrect because the pronoun your is in secondperson. Pronounantecedent agreement university of texas at dallas. Pronoun antecedent agreement is when the pronoun agrees in number referring to singular or plural and person referring to first, second, or third person with its antecedent. If the antecedent is singular, the pronoun must also be singular. Use the relative pronoun who or whom when the antecedent is a person. One of the most common mistakes in pronoun antecedent agreement occurs when the antecedent of a pronoun is, itself, a pronoun.
Choose the correct pronoun in the following sentences. If the antecedent is plural, the pronoun should be plural. Pronounantecedent agreement washtenaw community college. A pronoun is usually used as a substitute for a previously stated noun called the antecedent. If you are unsure, ask yourself if the pronoun is replacing a subject, object, or possessive, and consult the above lists. How to correct pronounantecedent agreement problems. When you are finished, hit the check my work button at.
Pronoun and antecedent agreement the noun or noun substitute that a pronoun refers to is called its antecedent. In a sentence, the antecedent comes before the pronoun. The need for pronoun antecedent agreement can create gender problems. The identity of the pronoun is made obvious by the antecedent. Use singular pronouns to refer to indefinite pronouns words like everybody, none, nobody, someone used as antecedents. The rule is that we must make sure our pronouns agree in number and gender with the nouns they are replacing. Pronounantecedent agreement university of evansville. Most problems with pronoun antecedent agreement involve number. Pronoun and antecedent agreement lone star college. Pronoun agreement not only should the subject and verb agree, but a pronoun also should agree with the word it refers to. A pronoun is a word he, she, it, they that takes the place of a noun. A pronoun must agree with the antecedent in person, gender, and number. Words ending in one, body, and thing are also singular.1047 1541 651 409 950 566 313 803 1110 1166 359 1548 1228 844 53 1656 967 1216 914 452 1507 247 68 1195 371 13 528 1237 371 1337 951 14 75 1083 310 1390 141